CEENet Tartu DeclarationTartu, Estonia
31st of May 1997
The Central and Eastern European Networking Association (CEENet), in cooperation with the Estonian Educational and Research Network (EENet) and the Computing Centre of the Tartu University, has organized its 1st Networking Policy Workshop in Tartu, Estonia, May 29th-31st, 1997, sponsored by NATO. 56 participants from 19 countries, representing governments, parliaments, networking organizations and scientific institutions, discussed the challenges of the information society for the academic community and their networks. The situation of national networks and information infrastructures, of research and technological development as well as of training and education in the CEENet countries were analyzed in the context of European and global developments.
A major goal of CEENet is to coordinate the work of individual research, academic and educational networks at the international level. The national networks are different from commercial service providers because they offer specialized services to the research and education community of which they are part. They also promote the introduction and validation of new services by making use of technological developments in advance of their commercial exploitation.
The primary objectives of the workshop were to:
a. identify major problems and issues whose possible solutions will lead to coherent, consistent and sustainable development of the national academic and research networks and networking in general
b. recognize the principal parameters and attributes of national networks in building a democratic and technologically advanced society and
c. enumerate the list of priorities and goals, as well as a set of strategies, which will produce a common aggregation of policies implementable on both national and international level
To stress the specific role of the academic community and its networks within the global information infrastructure the participants of the CEENet Workshop on Networking Policy adopted on 31 May 1997 in Tartu, Estonia, the following :
"CEENet Tartu Declaration"
The Information Age is about people and not just about technology. In this the academic community has a special responsibility and a special role to play. It has to be at the forefront of the creation of the information society both as a driving force and as a testbed. Education, research and technological development is crucial and is carried out increasingly on a global scale. Networking is one necessary and essential precondition which will enable CEENet countries to leapfrog into the next century. To fulfil its task the academic community needs the tools to communicate and to network independently and freely without any frontiers.
In the CEENet countries there is typically an awareness of the challenges of the information age, a political will and a lot of enthusiasm to develop networks and services. It is evident that most of the CEENet countries have achieved significant results in the establishment and development of their national networks for the research, academic and education community. All countries have similar interests, needs and driving forces towards the information society. At the same time this region is characterized by different levels of political, social and economic transformation among the countries. There are differences in the legal frameworks, in the quality of the physical infrastructure, in the connectivity of the networks, in the level of liberalization of telecommunication networks and services, in administrative structures, in the training and education systems. In order to avoid the widening of these gaps efforts have to be made to enable all CEENet countries to participate in global networking for education, research and technological development on an equal basis.
The Goals, Ways and Principles
By taking into consideration the realities in the CEENet countries, the goals of CEENet are
To achieve these goals CEENet upholds the principles of
While recognizing that financial resources are crucial, CEENet stresses also that innovative ideas and creativity will be even more important to reach its objectives.
The main problems in the CEENet countries are, inter alia and with differences from country to country,
Taking into account the worldwide discussion on the global information society, and in particular documents adopted by G7, the European Union, including the EU-CEEC Information Society Forum, as well as by other governmental and non-governmental organizations dealing with networking and education, research and technological development, the participants of the CEENet workshop adopt the following recommendations:
1. In the field of Policy CEENet recommends that
2. In the field of Networks CEENet recommends that
3. In the field of Funding CEENet recommends that
4. In the field of Education and Training CEENet recommends that
5. In the field of Public-Private Partnership CEENet recommends that
6. In the field of International Cooperation CEENet recommends that
CEENet now hopes to see these recommendations implemented in the interest of the research, academic and education community and the wider information society.